7. The Rumanians in Transylvania withdraw to the Carpathian frontier.
8. The German submarine U-53 sinks, off Nantucket, Mass., four British and two neutral steamers.
10. The Italians capture Novavilla, taking 6400 prisoners.
11. The Allies demand the surrender of the Greek fleet.
22. The Rumanians lose their important Black Sea port, Constanza, to the Germans.
24. The French under General Mangin recapture Fort Douaumont, Fleury, Caillette Wood, Thiaumont, Damloup, and all the other important positions lost to the enemy during the siege of Verdun. In less than seven hours three French divisions recover the ground which the flower of the German armies had struggled in terrific daily battles for seven months to obtain, at a loss to the Germans estimated at 250,000 to 500,000 men, and to the French of nearly an equal number. In this final operation which marked the climax of the costly German failure, the French took 6000 prisoners with total casualties of less than 5000. The moral effect was a humiliating defeat to Germany while the French rejoiced that their battle-cry "Passeront pas!". (They shall not pass) had been proved true.