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World War One: November, 1918
1. The Americans begin final advance on the Meuse-Argonne front.
2. General Diaz, commanding 54 Italian and 4 allied divisions, routs the Austrian armies on a 125-mile front.
Paris report announces that, since July 15, the Allies on the western front have taken 362,355 prisoners, including 7990 officers, 6217 cannon, 3907 mine-throwers, and 38,622 machine guns.
3. Austria signs terms of truce amounting to full military surrender.
In defeating the Austrians in the great offensive begun Oct. 24, the Italians captured over 300,000 prisoners and 5000 guns.
4. The British capture Valenciennes, and advance 5 miles on a 30-mile front.
American armies arrive within 9 miles of Sedan.
5. Attacking between the Sambre and the Argonne, the French take 4000 prisoners.
6. General Pershing's forces, in an advance of 25 miles since Nov. 1, arrive opposite Sedan and cut the main line of German communications, thereby winning the decisive battle of the Meuse. In desperate attempts to hold back 20 divisions of Americans on the Meuse-Argonne front, Sept. 26-Nov. 6, the Germans used, in all, 40 first class divisions, or more than a half million of their best troops.
7. The Americans enter Sedan and push toward the Briey iron mines.
The French armies advance 10 miles, gravely menacing German communications in the center.
On the Franco-Belgian border, the British drive the Germans practically out of France.
With their main communications with Lorraine cut, and the division of their forces into three inferior armies threatened, the once powerful German military machine, now hopelessly defeated, faces annihilation or surrender.
8. Germany's peace delegates meet Marshal Foch and receive the Allies' terms.
9. British forces capture Maubeuge.
French cavalry pursues German rearguard across Belgian border.
The retiring German chancellor, Prince Maximilian, announces that the Kaiser has decided to abdicate his throne. Friedrich Ebert assumes office as chancellor and proclaims that a new government at Berlin has taken charge to prevent war and famine.
10. General Pershing begins movements to capture the iron fields of Briey and to isolate Metz.
The British reach the outskirts of Mons, where in 1914 the original "contemptibles" made their first stand against Von Kluck.
The former Kaiser flees to Amerongen, Holland.
11. German envoys sign armistice terms near Rethondes, about six miles east of Compiègne, at 5 A.M. Paris time, to take effect at 11 A. M.
Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates.
16. Belgian troops enter Brussels.
19. Marshal Pétain, at head of French army, enters Metz.
21. German fleet under Admiral Meurer, manned by 14,000 officers and men, surrenders to the British fleet under Admiral Beatty.
22. King Albert, with Queen Elizabeth, enters Brussels, opens parliament with General Pershing at his side, and reviews the allied troops.
24. Advance units of American army of occupation enter Rhenish Prussia.
25. Marshal Pétain, accompanied by General Castelnau, makes formal entry into Strasbourg.
29. British army reaches the German frontier.