4. Replying to Ambassador von Bernstorff's protest against the shipment of munitions to the Allies, President Wilson states that any change in the laws of neutrality during the progress of a war would be a departure from neutrality and that placing an embargo on munitions would constitute such a change.
7. Russians capture Smolnik and the Rostok pass in the Carpathians.
ll-12. Turks in Mesopotamia defeated at Shaiba.
17. The British in Flanders capture Hill 60. This action marked the beginning of a series of terrific assaults and counter-assaults, continuing for six weeks, known as the Second Battle of Ypres.
22. German attack, using asphyxiating gas for the first time, crushes British positions near Ypres.
24. Allied line near Ypres further driven back by second attack of chlorine gas.
25. British begin landing troops at six points on Gallipoli peninsula.