Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Espalier (It. spalla, a shoulder, and spaliera, a wainscot to lean the shoulder against) is a word used in fruit gardening, sometimes to denote a kind of lattice-work against which fruit-trees, especially apples and pears, are trained as against a wall, and sometimes used to denote such fruit-trees, or even a row of them.