Appleton, Charles Edward Cutts Birch, born in 1841. He graduated at Oxford in 1863, and became fellow and lecturer at St. John's College. He wrote in favour of the "endowment of research." In 1869 he established the Academy, as a monthly periodical to be devoted to literature, art, and science under their highest aspects. He edited the paper till his death, which occurred in 1879. His Life and Literary Relics were published in 1881.