Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Appert, Benjamin Nicholas Marie, born at Paris in 1797, the originator of a scheme of mutual instruction that brought about very remarkable results in the French Army and in the prisons of that country. He managed a reformatory in the department of Moselle from 1841 to 1844, and made in 1846 a tour of Belgium, Germany, Prussia, and Austria, with a view to establishing his system, afterwards publishing his observations.