6. Mackensen in ultimatum to Rumania demands that peace negotiations begin in four days.
9. Central Powers and Ukraine sign a treaty of peace.
11. Bolsheviki declare end of the war.
15. Germany renews war on Russia.
18. The Bolsheviki capture Kiev.
21. Germans advance in Russia, capturing Minsk and Rovno, with enormous food and war supplies.
23. The United States embassy leaves Petrograd for Vologda.