Zurich, a canton and its capital in the N. of Switzerland. The former has an area of 695 square miles, lying between Schaffhausen N., Schwyz S., Aargau W., and St. Gallen and Thurgau E. The surface is hilly rather than mountainous, the greatest elevations not much exceeding 4,000 feet. Zurich joined the Confederation in 1351, and seceded from Rome under Zwingli (q.v.) in 1519. The capital stands at the N. extremity of the lake, on the Limmat.