Uganda, a territory of Central East Africa, on the N. shore of the Victoria Nyanza, and extending as far as the Albert Nyanza to the W. In 1877, under the auspices of King M'Tesa, Anglican and Catholic missionaries settled there, but on his death in 1884, M'Wanga, his successor, under the influence of Arab slave-dealers, began persecutions. The king was deposed by his brother, Kawewa, but ultimately returned and embraced Romanism. Meanwhile, in 1888 the Imperial British East Africa company had acquired from the Sultan of Zanzibar and other chiefs nearly all the district between Uganda and the East Coast. The civil war raging beyond their border led to the interference of the Company's officials, and by a treaty with Germany in 1890 the country was brought within the sphere of British influence, Sir Gerald Portal acting as Imperial Commissioner. In 1894 a British Protectorate was proclaimed over the territory of Uganda, and in 1896 this was extended over Unyoro and Usoga. In 1895 a railway was started, which had reached 200 miles by 1898.