Tyler JOHN (1790-1862), tenth President of the Unitect States of Amerlca, was born in Charles City County, Virginia. In 1809 he was called to the bar. From 1811 to 1816 he sat in the Virginian Legislature, and in 1817 was elected to Congress. In 1825 he became Governor of Virginia, and in the next year a United States senator. He pursued a very independent course both in Congress and in the Senate, and was generally in favour of compromises. In 1836 he had differences with his constituents on the Bank Question. In 1840, however, he became Vice-President of the United States, and less than a year later President on the death of Harrison. He vetoed two bills for the re-establishment of the United States Bank, and also two Protective bills. During his term of office the Ashburton Treaty was made and Texas annexed. In 1861 he endeavoured to mediate between Federals and Confederates, but finally joined the latter.