Tubingen, a town of Wurtemberg, on the Neckar, 18 S.S.E. of Stuttgart. The ducal castle, which dates from the earlier half of the 16th century, occupies a summit overlooking the town; it contains the university library of 200,000 volumes. There is a monument to the poet Uhland (q.v.), who was a native. The university was founded by Duke Eberhard in 1477, and in 1534 accepted the reformed religion, The number of students is now about 1,400. The "Tubingen School" of theological criticism, notorious for its sceptical tendencies, was founded by F.C. Baur (q.v.).