Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Trouvere, a Northern France counterpart of the Provencal troubadour, fulfilled much the same function. He travelled from court to court, or castle to castle, chanting his songs of war, and chivalry and love, sometimes attended by a jongleur, who improvised an accompaniment for him, and sometimes accompanying himself upon the harp. Taillefer (who fought at Hastings) and Blondel (friend of Richard I.) were trouveres.