Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Tongking, or TONQUIN ("Eastern capital"), is properly the name of the town of Hanoi (q.v.), but it now denotes the part of Annam (q.v.) which extends from 18° N. Lat. to the borders of China. This district, which occupies the alluvial basin of 34,700 square miles, was in 1884 annexed by France. The most important product is rice.