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Tamerlane, TIMUR-I-LENG ("Lame Timur"), or TIMUR-BEG (1336-1405), a Tatar chieftain who established a vast empire in Asia. He was born forty or fifty miles south of Samarcand, which he made his capital in 1370. From this centre he overran Persia, extending his conquests to the Tigris and the Euphrates; subdued the Kipchaks of Western Tartary, penetrating to the south-east of Russia, and added to his empire the north of India from the Indus to the Euphrates (13D8). After defeating the army of the Mamelukes at Aleppo, and sacking Damascus and Bagdad, he gained a brilliant victory over the Ottoman Sultan, Bajazet, at Angora in Asia Minor (1402). He died on the banks of the Syr Daria whilst marching to achieve the conquest of China.

“God often bestows temporal prosperities on the wicked, to show how lightly he esteems what the world is so dazzled with; but crosses he reserves for his own, whom he would humble under his Almighty hand, and make them the objects of his delight.”