Talbot, an ancient English family, descended from John de Talbot, whose name occurs in Domesday. John Talbot, the sixth baron, was created Earl of Shrewsbury for his services against France in the reign of Henry VI. He was slain in an heroic attempt to recover Guienne (1453). Charles, twelfth Earl, an active politician in the reigns of William III., Anne, and George I., received the title of Duke, which lapsed on his death (1718) without male descendents. In 1856 the elder male line failed, the earldom passing after litigation to the third Earl Talbot.