Southwell, a market-town of Nottinghamshire, 17 miles N.E. of Nottingham, on the river Greet. It possesses a fine old collegiate-church, now a cathedral, founded in the 12th century upon the site of an older structure. There was also a palace of the Archbishops of York, and within its walls Charles I. surrendered to the Sootch Commissioners. Since 1884 it has been the seat of a bishopric. Silk-weaving gives employment to many of the inhabitants.