Simrock, KARL JOSEPH, born at Bonn in 1802, devoted himself to the study of early German literature, and in 1827 produced an edition of the Nibelungenlied, which was subsequently enlarged and improved. In 1850 he was appointed professor of literature at Bonn, and edited the chief poems and legends of the Fatherland, e.g. Parsifal, Reineke Fuchs, Tristan und Isolde, the Minnesingers, and the Wartburgkrieg. He also translated Shakespeare, and the Fritiof Saga, besides writing much original verse. He died in 1876.