Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Shield, an article of personal defence or armour which was used from very ancient times. The clypeus of classic times was made of metal, and was round in shape; the scutum was oblong, and generally of wood covered with skin, and was often convex; the parma was of skin; and the pella crescent-shaped. The Norman shield was triangular, becoming at a later period heart-shaped. The Bayeux Tapestry and brasses of different dates show us the modifications of the mediaeval shield. The introduction of fire-arms did away with the necessity for its use in warfare, and new methods of fencing rendered it obsolete in personal combat. The Highlander retained his targe till a late period. The Zulu warrior uses a shield of hide which is impervious to the assegai.