Salem the name of several towns in the United States, the most important being that on the E. coast of Massachusetts, 16 miles N.N.E. of Boston. It formerly carried on a large trade with the East, but at present the port sends out few ships except coasting vessels and whalers. On the other hand, its cotton, leather, and other manufactures are of recent growth. Nathaniel Hawthorne and W. H. Prescott. were natives.