Saldanha, DUKE OF, (JOSE CARLOS SALDANHA DE OLIVIERA). Portuguese soldier and statesman, was born in 1791, served under Marshal Beresford in the Peninsula, and distinguished himself greatly during his military career. He became, in 1825, minister of foreign affairs and governor of Oporto, and fought bravely on the side of Isabella in the stmggle between her partisans and those of Don Miguel. He was not so successful as a statesman, and made many blunders. He led the reactionary party, and between 1836 and 1846 was in exile. He was appointed later to the embassy at Rome, and in 1870 was Prime Minister of Porhlgal for a few months. He died in 1876, while ambassador at London.