Salamander, either of the two species of the Salamandra, type of a family (Salamandridae) of tailed Amphibians. They are small, newt-like animals, from six to eight inches long, living on land when adult, and feeding on worms, molluscs, and insects. The Spotted Salamander (S maculosa), from Europe and North Africa, is marked with large yellow patches on a black ground. Its young are born in the water and have gills. The Black Salamander (S. atra), found in the Alps, brings forth its young alive and breathing by lungs.