Saigon, the capital of French Cochin China, situated on the Saigon river (one of the branches of the Mekhong delta) in lat. 10° 47' N., long. 106° 45' E. Since 1861 a handsome town of European aspect has sprung up, with a cathedral, a palace for the governor, an arsenal, docks, etc. The trade is mainly carried on by the Chinese, who mostly reside in the suburb of Cholon. The exports include rice, fish, and wood. Nearly 500 vessels enter the port annually.