Saharanpur, R town of the North-West Provinces, India, in lat. 29° 58' N., long. 77° 35' E. It is situated in a low and damp country, and was formerly very unhealthy, but a malarious lake in the neighbourhood has now been drained. A handsome new mosque has recently been built by the Mohammedans, who form the majority of the population. The Governinent botanic gardens (1817) cover about 50 acres. This place is a station of the Great Trigonometrical Survey.