Runeberg, JOHAN LUDWIG (1804-77), Swedish poet, ws born in Finland, but always used the Swedish tongue, and his first volume of poems (1830) met with an enthusiastic welcome from Sweden. He graduated at Abo University, and became Roman tutor at the university of Helsingfors, and afterwards professor of Greek and Latin at Borga Gymnasium, of which he was chosen rector at a later period. In 1851 he visited Sweden, and was hailed as a great poet.. After 1863 he wrote little. His lyrics are often very beautiful, and have been translated into English. Among his works should be mentioned The Elk Hunters (1832) and Hanna, an idyll (1836).