Ruckert, FRIEDRICH (1789-1866), German poet, was born at Schweinfart, and studied at Jena University, of which he became one of the lecturers. Between 1815 and 1816 he was editor of a paper at Stuttgart, and travelled in Italy after giving it up. He settled in Coburg and married there, and made a close study of Oriental literature, nearly all his poetry being coloured by it. His first volume, German Poems, appeared pseudonymously in 1814, and was followed by many others. He is one of the most notable of German poets, and several biographies of him have been published. From 1826 to 1849 he was professor of Oriental literature at Erlangen and Berlin.