Rosa, Salvatob (1615-73), great painter, was born near Naples, and studied under Francanzano and at Rome. His taste led him to paint landscapes of a peculiarly gloomy kind, and he treated Nature in her most terrible aspects in his pictures. He was exceedingly versatile, writing plays and composing cantatas, and was greatly patronised by the Duke of Tuscany. He did much work for churches, but chiefly devoted himself to landscape. Some fine specimens of his art are in the National Gallery.