Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Rope is made for the most part of twisted hemp or other similar material. The old and tedious process of manufacturing by hand upon a ropewalk has been in great measure superseded by a machine invented by Captain Stoddart and since improved upon, the advantages of this process being an absolute uniformity of shape and a more equal tension of the component parts. From 16 to 25 yards of hemp form a strand, three strands a hawser, four strands a shroud, and three shrouds or hawsers a cable. A rope is said to be cable-laid when it is composed of three large strands, each consisting of three smaller ones, and hawser-laid when composed of three strands. A stiff rope, without much capacity for bending, is made by twisting six strands around a seventh, which passes as an axis through the middle. Tarring a rope increases its power of resisting the action of water, but takes away from its strength. Manilla hemp makes a very strong rope. Other materials employed in rope-making are steel wire, with or without a hempen core, and cocoa-nut fibre, while in some places bark is used for the purpose.