Rhampsinitus, one of the ancient Egyptian kings, whom Diodorus calls Rhampsis. He was the successor of Proteus and the predecessor of Cheops. A number of legends are extant about him. He is said to have possessed wonderful treasures, which he was obliged to keep in a repository of stone for safety. He descended into Hades and there played dice with Demeter, the goddess, and on his return inaugurated a festival in her honour. He belonged to the 20th dynasty, and built the western propylasa of the temple of Hephaestus, in front of which were placed two great statues called by the Egyptians Summer and Winter.