Quito, the capital of the republic of Ecuador, South America, is the highest city of its size in the world, standing on the east slope of Mount Pichincha, 9,520 feet above sea-level. The Jesuit's college and university, the cathedral, the Government buildings, and the palace of the nuncio are the only structures of importance. Earthquakes have frequently devastated the place. Iron and steel goods, indigo, and agricultural produce form the chief exports; but, as Quito has but scanty means of communication with the outer world, trade languishes. Cotton and woollen goods, silk, lace, thread, jewellery, and confectionery are produced for home consumption.