Plataea, in Boeotia, was the scene of the defeat of the Persian general Mardonius, who had been left behind with a large army by Xerxes, at the hands of Pausanias and Aristides in 479 B.C. The
Plataeans also fought at Marathon and, siding with Athens in the Peloponnesian War, underwent a two years siege by the Thebans and Lacedaemonians in 429 B.C. and the following year. Their surrender was followed by a massacre and the destruction of the town, which did not recover its prosperity till after the battle of Chaeronea.