Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Pessimism, in a general sense, is the habit of looking at the black side of things, and is exactly opposed to that optimism which finds everything good in this "best of worlds." Many religions strike a distinctly pessimistic note - for instance, the Buddhist, which looks on the world of matter as distinctly evil - and some forms of Christianity are not free from this reproach. In philosophy the tendency was organised into an elaborate system by Schopenhauer (q.v.).