Perugia (Latin, Perusia), capital of the Italian province of the same name, is on the top and slope of a hill above the Tiber, 84 miles N. of Rome. It has lofty walls and a citadel, and is well built. Among the chief buildings are the 15th-century cathedral (with fine library of MSS.). the churches of St. Agnese (with Perugino's frescoes), St. Bernardino (with facade of marble and terracotta), St. Pietro (with marble pillars from an ancient temple and some valuable paintings), the Bourse (with frescoes by Perugino), and there remains an Arch of Augustus, put together without cement. The manufactures and trade are of little importance. The province, which contains 3,750 square miles, is traversed in parts by spurs of the Apennines, and watered by the Tiber and its tributaries. It produces corn, wine, oil, fruits and silk.