Perpignan, a French town, capital of the department Pyrenees Orientales, is on the right bank of the Tet, 78 miles S.W. of Montpellier. It is an important fortress, as guarding the entrance from France into Spain, and has high walls and a citadel on a commanding height. Some of the public buildings date from the period of Spanish rule, the chief of them being the 14th-century cathedral. The principal manufactures are broadcloth and woollen stuffs, playing cards, candles, leather; and there is a considerable trade in brandy, wine, cork, honey, wool, etc. The town was united to France in 1659.