Parkes, Sir Henry, was born in 1815, the son of a Warwickshire farmer. In 1839 he emigrated to New South Wales. For several years he conducted a newspaper at Sydney, to whose Legislative Council he was elected in 1854. In 1866 he became Colonial Secretary, was Education Minister in 1867-70, and was Premier of New South Wales from 1872-75, in 1877, from 1878-83, and 1887-91. He died in 1896.