Pan (city), the capital of the French department of Basses Pyrenees, is situated on the right bank of the Gave de Pau, 20 miles W.N.W. of Tarbes. It stands on the edge of the plateau 623 feet above the sea, commanding a magnificent view of the Pyrenees to the south. Pau was the ancient capital- of the kingdom of Beam. The castle, which was the birthplace of Henri IV., is a noble building flanked by six square towers, one of which is 113 feet in height. Bernadotte was also born at Pau. The importance of the town is now mainly due to its celebrity as a health-resort, especially in the winter. Chocolate and linen are manufactured.