Pampelnna, or Pamplona, the capital of Navarre, Spain, is situated on the river Arga, 200 miles north-east of Madrid, the plain, in which it. occupies an elevated point, being surrounded by mountains. Its name and foundation are ascribed to Ponipey. Charlemagne captured it in 778. and it has played a part during the Peninsular War and the more recent Carlist movements. Besides its walls, it has two castles, one of which, the citadel, stands on a sheer rock 1,000 feet high. Among other public buildings, it possesses a cathedral, a governor's palace, a fine aqueduct, and one of the largest bullrings in Spain.