Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Orange (town), an ancient town in the department of Vaucluse, in the south of France, retains as a monument of its former splendour a Roman triumphal arch and a theatre. During the Middle Ages it was the capital of a small principality, and gave its name to the House of Nassau, who in 1531 acquired the territory by marriage. On the death of William III. of England a dispute broke out between the older and younger branches for the succession, which was settled at the Peace of Utrecht by means of its sale to France by the King of Prussia as representative of the elder line, the title, however, going to the younger line, who became Kings of Holland.