Offenbach, Jacques, was born in 1819, and was sent very early to Paris for education as a musician. In 1848 he made a hit as a composer with a song introduced into Musset's Le Chandelier. His first operatic work, Pcpito, appeared in 1853, and during the next twenty-five years he produced sixty-nine operas. He caught the taste of the Parisian public, and may almost be said to have founded a school. His most popular efforts were 0'iyhee ausc Enfers, La Grande Duchesse, La Belle Helene, Genevieve de Brabant. He died in 1880.