Nares, Sir George Strong, seaman and Arctic explorer, was born in 1831, entered the navy in 1845, and, as mate, shared, in 1852-54, in the search for Sir John Franklin. After service during the Crimean War he commanded the surveying vessel Salamander and the Challenger during her long scientific cruise until, in 1875, he was recalled to conduct the Polar expedition of 1875-76. He wintered in lat. 82° 27' N., and one of his sleighing parties penetrated to 83° 86'. On his return he was made a K.C.B., and in 1877 was knighted. In 1878-79 he commanded the Alert while engaged in surveying the Pacific; in 1886 he retired, in 1887 became a rear-admiral on the retired list. From 1879 onwards he acted as a professional member of the Harbour Department of the Board of Trade.