Nagasaki, a Japanese city and fort, is situated on a peninsula and the extremity of a bay upon the west coast of the island of Kiusiu. The bay, which is surrounded by hills upon which part of the town is built, affords a good anchorage. It has a mild and healthy climate, though rain is prevalent in the summer months. Until 1858 only the Dutch were admitted to trade, but the town then became one of the five treaty-ports opened to Great Britain and the United States, and was afterwards thrown open to other European nations. Its productions are copper, silk, camphor, tobacco, porcelain, and lacquered-ware, and there is a large export trade.