Note:  Do not rely on this information. It is very old.


Montreal, the largest city in Canada, stands on an island at the junction of the St. Lawrence with the Ottawa river. It derives its name from Mount Royal, a mass of rock 700 feet high, which rises behind the city. It was first visited by Jacques Carrier in 1535. Later on in the century De Champlain arrived; and in 1665 it was first garrisoned with the French troops, fortified, and made a centre of the fur trade. It remained in the possession of France till 1759. In 1776-77 it was for a few months occupied by the Americans. The city is partly Catholic and French, partly Protestant and English. The Romanists have a fine cathedral and a Jesuits' church. Christ church is a Protestant building in the Decorated Gothic style. The city-hall is in the modern French style. The Hotel Dieu Hospital will hold 3,000 patients, and is served by nuns. The Bonsecours market, surmounted by'a dome, is also a striking feature of the city. Among educational institutions are the

McGill College, founded in 1813; the Catholic seminary of St. Sulpice; and the McGill and Jacques Carrier normal schools. The harbour of Montreal is a fine one; its quays and wharves extend for more than a mile along the river.

Numerous engine-works, saw-mills, tool-factories, etc., are worked by the water-power derived from the falls above the town. There are also many woollen and cotton-mills.boot and shoe and tobacco factories; and sugar-refining is an important industry. The Victoria Railway Tubular Bridge, more than 9,000 feet long, connects the city of Montreal with St. Helen's and Nun's islands. The water supply of the city is obtained from a reservoir excavated out of the rock on Mount Royal. Most of the buildings are made of grey limestone. Montreal is represented in the Dominion House of Commons by three members, and in the Quebec legislature by the same number.