Monmouth, parliamentary borough (returning with Newport and Usk district one member), municipal borough, and market - town, and capital of Monmouthshire, is situated in a pretty valley near the junction of the Monmow (crossed by an ancient bridge), and the Wye (crossed by a modern stone bridge); 18 miles S. of Hereford, and 27 S.W. of Gloucester. It consists of one large street, running through an old gateway from Monmow bridge to the market-place, and several divergent streets. The principal buildings are the parish church, with a fine spire of over 200 feet, the grammar school, a modern town-ball, and the market-house; and there are some rem? ins of the castle in which John of Gaunt lived and Henry V. was born. The principal manufactures are iron, tin-plate, and paper, and there is a considerable trade in these products.