Menzel, Wolfgang (1798-1873), the son of a well-to-do physician, was born at Waldenburg, Silesia. At Jena and at Bonn, where he became a student, his democratic views yvere so pronounced that he had to seek refuge in Switzerland. He did not confine his discontent to politics, but made a violent onslaught upon Goethe and his followers. Many works came from his pen on history, literature, and criticism, besides some verse. In 1825 he settled at Stuttgart as editor of the Litteraturblatt. His last utterances dealt with the war of 1866 and the attitude of France, a country which he cordially hated.