Menschikoff Alexander Danilovitch
Menschikoff, Alexander Danilovitch, the son of a peasant, was born at Moscow in 1672. Peter the Great took him into his service, and gave him his complete confidence. He accompanied the Czar to England and Holland, became governor of Ingria, defeated the Swedes at Kalisch (1706), received a marshal's baton for services at Pultowa, but fell into disgrace for restoring Stettin to Prussia. Under Catherine he returned to power, and his daughter married Peter II.; but when that sovereign made Dolgorouki his mistress, he banished his son-in-law, who died in Siberia in 1729.