Mencius, or Meng Tsen, the name of a Chinese philosopher who flourished in the 4th century B.C. He is ranked by his countrymen next to Confucius, under whose grandson he studied. His early years were devoted to elucidating the sacred books, and when ripe for the task he undertook to add a fourth volume, which bears his name. Morality is therein expounded in a series of dialogues, which, through the verbiage of Chinese style, reveal originality and boldness. It has been translated into Latin by Stanislas Julien, into French by Pauthier, and into English by Collie.