Mayo, Richard Southwell Bourke, 6th Earl op, was born in 1822 and, after completing his education at Trinity College, Dublin, made a tour in Russia, a record of which he published in 1845. Two years later he entered Parliament, and sat in the Commons until his accession to the Lords in 1867. In each of the three Derby Administrations he served as Chief Secretary for Ireland, and was holding the same post under Mr. Disraeli, when in 1868 he was appointed Governor-General of India. Setting his face against annexation, he strove to win the confidence of feudatory princes and of independent neighbours, especially in the North-West. Meanwhile great internal reforms were carried out in finance, local government, irrigation, education, especially amongst the Mohammedans, legal codification, and gaol management. In 1872 he was killed by a fanatic at the Andaman Islands' convict settlement.