Mathew, Theobald, Father (1790-1856), the "Apostle of Temperance," was born in Tipperary and educated at Kilkenny and Maynooth. From 1808-14 he lived at Dublin, where he was ordained priest, and joined the Capuchin Order. He went then on a mission to Cork. In 1848 he founded the Total Abstinence Association, and the enthusiasm he created caused the movement to spread like wildfire. In 1844 he visited Liverpool, Manchester, and London. His labours and travels involved him in debt, but in 1847 he received a pension of £300. The year 1850 he spent in the United States.