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Malcolm Sir John

Malcolm, Sir John, K.C.B. (1767-1833), soldier, statesman, and historian, was born in Dumfriesshire, and entered as a cadet in the Madras army at the age of 16. In 1799 he was present at the siege of Seringapatam, and in 1800 went as ambassador to Persia. The next year he was private secretary to Lord Wellesley, and in 1803 governor of the Mysore Residency. In 1807 and 1810 he again went on missions to Persia, and in 1812 he came to England and was knighted. Then he took part against Holkar and the Pindaris as brigadier-general, and returned to England in 1822. From 1827-30 he was governor of Bombay, and in 1831 he returned to England and entered Parliament. His works are Sketches in Persia (1827), History of Persia, Memoirs of Central India, Political History of India, and a Life of Clive.