Malabar, a district of the Madras Presidency, situate upon the Arabian Sea, 145 miles long and varying in breadth from 25 miles in the N. to 70 in the S., and containing 5,760 square miles. The surface is diversified, and in the E. is traversed by the Western Ghats, in which is an opening 25 miles across called the Palghat Gap. There are several rivers, and the. country is well-wooded, and produces rice, cocoa-nuts, coffee, and pepper. Most of the population are Hindoos. The district gives its name to the neighbouring western coast of India.