Maimonides (1135-1204), a Jewish philosopher, born at Cordova. He became a rabbi, and practised medicine, becoming the author of several medical works, and being appointed court physician to Saladin of Egypt. He studied deeply Greek and Arabian philosophy, and wrote upon logic. Astronomy also and mathematics occupied his attention; but his great claim to fame is that he was one of the greatest of Jewish Talmudists and theologians. His codification of Jewish law (composed in Hebrew), called the Mishneh Torah, is still highly thought of and much used, and his Guide of the Perplexed (composed in Arabic) has a great reputation.